The population of Krasnoyarsk is about 1,052,000 (2015), the area – 386 sq. km.
Krasnoyarsk is a city in Russia, the largest cultural, economic, industrial, and educational center of Central and Eastern Siberia, the capital of Krasnoyarsk krai (the second largest region in Russia). It is the largest of the ancient cities of Siberia.
Local time in Krasnoyarsk city is May 8, 9:35 am (+7 UTC).
Krasnoyarsk was founded by the Cossacks headed by Andrey Dubensky in 1628 as a military settlement in the place of the confluence of the Kacha and Yenisei rivers. Originally the settlement was called “Krasny Yar”. Krasnoyarsk became a town in 1690, when Siberia was finally annexed to Russia.
In 1708, the town population was about 800 people. In 1713, the population reached 2500 people. It began to grow rapidly after the Siberian Road was constructed in 1735. The road connected Krasnoyarsk with Achinsk and the rest of European Russia.
In 1773, after a major fire, only thirty houses remained in Krasnoyarsk. The new linear layout of the town of St. Petersburg type was developed. This was the beginning of present Krasnoyarsk.
Krasnoyarsk is the place of the 29th World Winter Universiade-2019.
There are dozens of hotels of different levels of service. “Hilton Garden Inn Krasnoyarsk” and “Novotel Krasnoyarsk Center” have the official status of four-star hotels. “Ibis Krasnoyarsk Center”, “Krasnoyarsk”, “Amaks City Hotel” and “Oktyabrskaya” have the status of three-star hotels.
Krasnoyarsk is the easternmost Russian city with population of over one million people. It is a pretty compact city. From west to east the city length is about 41 km, from north to south – about 37 km. Krasnoyarsk is divided into two parts by the Yenisei River; its left-bank part is located in Western Siberia, the right bank part – in Eastern Siberia.
The climate is sharply continental. The average temperature in January is minus 15.5 degrees Celsius, in July – plus 19.1 degrees Celsius.
Krasnoyarsk is a large scientific, educational and sports center of Russia. The Siberian Federal University has more than forty thousand students. In general, more than 150 thousand students live and study here.
Krasnoyarsk stands on both banks of the Yenisei River, in a hollow formed by the northern spurs of Eastern Sayan. It is the place, where West Siberian Plain, Middle Siberian Plateau, and Altay-Sayany Mountains come together.
This city is a developed industrial center. The main industries are aerospace industry, ferrous metallurgy, machine building, wood processing, transportation, chemical, food, retail and wholesale services.
Krasnoyarsk is a large transport hub standing at the crossroads of the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Yenisei River waterways. The federal highway R255 “Siberia” (Novosibirsk – Krasnoyarsk – Irkutsk) crosses the city, as well as the federal highway R257 “Yenisei” (Krasnoyarsk – Abakan – Kyzyl – the state border with Mongolia). Passenger ships go to Igarka, Dudinka, Divnogorsk.
Krasnoyarsk has two airports: Yemelyanovo International Airport, the largest airport in Eastern Siberia, and Cheremshanka Airport. Direct flights to Athens, Hannover, Salzburg, Lisbon, Beijing, Podgoritsa, Salonika and other destinations are available.
Buses are used as the main form of transport. Also, you can find tram lines in the right-side part of the city, and trolley-bus lines – in the left-side part. In summer time, “river trams” run between the two banks of the Yenisei River. Since 1995, Krasnoyarsk underground is being constructed. Underground lines are deep: 60 m and even deeper. There are five bridges across the Yenisei River.
Krasnoyarsk places of interest
Krasnoyarsk is known for a large number of fountains (over two hundred) and sculptures.
The main attractions of Krasnoyarsk: